Here are some basic installation and configuration options for mysql on Ubuntu.

Install the latest mysql with

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install mysql-server

Note: Ensure you remember the root password specified while installing mysql.

Once the installation completes ensure you can log into your mysql installation.

mysql -u root -p

Some basic defaults to configure would be to use UTF-8 as your character encoding and expose the mysql server so it can be accessed externally. Before you modify any configuration settings, stop your mysql server with:

sudo service mysql stop

Edit your mysql config file /etc/mysql/my.cnf and add the following under the [mysqld] section:

bind-address = your_server_ip

Note: skip-character-set-client-handshake implies to use the server default character set irrespective of what the client specifies. Match your_server_ip to the ip address of the machine you are running mysql on. The default-storage-engine has been set to InnoDB to enable transactional behaviour. If you need to swap in another database simply change the value to the one you require.

Restart mysql with:

sudo service mysql start

Verify your default database engine with:

show engines;

The default database engine will have a value of DEFAULT under the Support column.

| Engine             | Support | Comment                                                        | Transactions | XA   | Savepoints |
| MyISAM             | YES     | MyISAM storage engine                                          | NO           | NO   | NO         |
| MRG_MYISAM         | YES     | Collection of identical MyISAM tables                          | NO           | NO   | NO         |
| MEMORY             | YES     | Hash based, stored in memory, useful for temporary tables      | NO           | NO   | NO         |
| BLACKHOLE          | YES     | /dev/null storage engine (anything you write to it disappears) | NO           | NO   | NO         |
| CSV                | YES     | CSV storage engine                                             | NO           | NO   | NO         |
| FEDERATED          | NO      | Federated MySQL storage engine                                 | NULL         | NULL | NULL       |
| ARCHIVE            | YES     | Archive storage engine                                         | NO           | NO   | NO         |
| InnoDB             | DEFAULT | Supports transactions, row-level locking, and foreign keys     | YES          | YES  | YES        |
| PERFORMANCE_SCHEMA | YES     | Performance Schema                                             | NO           | NO   | NO         |

Now let’s create your first database. Log into your installation as root with the password specified during installation

mysql -u root -p

Create a database with:

CREATE DATABASE database_name

Note: Replace database with the name of the database you want to create.

Ensure the database has been created with:

show databases;

Ensure the characterset of the database is UTF-8:

use database_name;
show variables like 'char%';

Create a local user switch to the mysql db:

use mysql;

and then execute:

CREATE USER 'your_user'@'your_server_ip' IDENTIFIED BY 'your_local_password';
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON your_database.* TO 'your_user'@'your_server_ip' WITH GRANT OPTION;

Note: Substitute your_user, your_server_ip, your_local_password and your_database with values appropriate values.

A local user allows you to log into the mysql server only from the server. If you want to log into the mysql server remotely you also need to create a remote user:

CREATE USER 'your_user'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY 'your_remote_password';
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON your_database.* TO 'your_user'@'%' WITH GRANT OPTION;

Note: Substitute your_user, your_server_ip, your_remote_password and your_database with values appropriate values. The main difference between local and remote users is that the remote user connects from % not the your_server_ip address.

To verify privileges for the above accounts use:

SHOW GRANTS FOR 'your_user'@'your_server_ip';
SHOW GRANTS FOR 'your_user'@'%';

To drop a user do:

DROP USER 'your_user'@'your_server_ip';

If you keep getting the following error message when you try to login:

ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user 'your_user'@'your_server' (using password: YES)

and you are sure your password is correct, you could have 1 of 2 problems:

  1. Verify that the server the error message specifies is the same as that as the user you created it for.

Eg. If you created ‘your_user’@‘’ and the error message says ‘your_user’@‘domainname’ then you need to create the user for the specified server name or use the following connection string:

mysql -u your_user -p -hserver_name
  1. Your password could have special characters that seem to befuddle mysql sometimes. Try changing the password to a plain alpanumeric one and see if you can login then.

The above configuration should give you enough information to get started on your own projects.